6 Things Every Woman Should Know About Thyroid

The thyroid gland is located in the front portion of the neck below the thyroid cartilage, also known as Adam’s apple. The thyroid gland affects almost every process of your body. Thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones which are responsible for regulation of metabolism as well as for determining how fast/slow your heart, brain, liver and other organs of the body work at the time.

So, here are these noted points you need to remember for your thyroid – 

I. Thyroid issues are common in women than in men

Women are six times more prone to get diagnosed with thyroid than men. But, still this remains as a mystery. Every doctor have different views on this. Many explains that thyroid cells are more sensitive to the effects of female sex hormone – estrogen. The reason explained is – hypo/hyperthyroidism are linked to autoimmune diseases and women are prone to these disorders.

II. Be aware about the symptoms

Hypo/hyperthyroidism are less likely to be detectable because they tend to be unclear and more common to other diseases. But, still there are signs that could be noticed easily and if you detect them, do contact your doctor for having a thyroid test.

Hypothyroidism leads to forgetfulness, constipation, dry skin and hair, sudden weight gain, irregular/heavier menstrual flow, swelling on face, increased rate of sensitivity to cold.

Hyperthyroidism leads to insomnia, increased heartbeat, sudden weight loss, less/lighter menstrual flow, irritability, shaky hands, bulging eyes.

III. You must not blame thyroid for everything

Generally in women, weight concern is much more than anything. Gaining/loosing weight is one of the factor of thyroid but, is not the only factor. Weight gain or lose depends upon your lifestyle. It depends on the kind of food you eat or how many hours of sleep you take.

IV. Thyroid supplements are risky

There are many organisation offering Thyroid Support offers but, don’t believe them. They are blinding you by their smart marketing strategies. Often, these supplements lead to many dangerous side effects which can lead you to arrhythmias and problems related to your bones.

V. Don’t be scared of thyroid cancer

Nowadays, many women get scans of their neck, head or chest to detect other health related diseases and often the thyroid cancer goes unnoticed. Experts says that most of these cancer don’t require a treatment because they either grow slowly or not at all. And, even if the thyroid cancer got noticed, one should not be in hurry to get a surgery as it increases the risk.

VI. Detect thyroid by yourself

There is a simple test from American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists to let you detect the signs of thyroid.

  • Through the mirror, look at the lower front area of your neck i.e., above collarbones and below voice box.
  • Take a sip of water while laying your head back.
  • If you notice a lump or a bulge in that area. Do contact your doctor. Maybe, it would be an enlarged thyroid nodule.

Myths About Diabetes You May Unaware Of

Diabetes mellitus also known as diabetes is defined as a metabolic disorder which leads to higher level of sugar in the blood because of insufficient insulin produced in pancreas or the cells not responding to the produced insulin. Nowadays, diabetes is not only been detected in adults older than 35 years but also in teenagers or people in their 20s. The changing lifestyle is one of the factors responsible for the increasing cases of diabetes every year.

 Diabetes symptoms depends on the level of sugar raised in the blood. It’s condition include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Also, there is a third form known as gestational diabetes which happens during pregnancy but can be resolved after.

  Also, there are many myths linked to diabetes which we are often unaware of, let’s look at some of them – 

I. Sugar should not be consumed

Most diabetic patients are been asked “Are you allowed to have it?” while having something build of sugar. This is a huge myth about diabetes in people’s minds. Even earlier, people with diabetes were not allowed to eat food containing sugar. But, the truth is that in any way sugar cannot cause diabetes.

When a person has diabetes, his/her body cannot deal well with the high amount of sugar present, but that doesn’t mean sugar consumption should be stopped. In our body, glucose is an energy source of life. Body rely on glucose where all the food consumed is been converted into glucose for energy production. Whereas, the amount of sugar taken depends upon the person and the medications prescribed to him/her.

II. Fat people often have diabetes

If obesity was the cause then the rate of diabetes could be seen increasing day-to-day. The fact about being overweight do serve as a point of diabetes but, there are many more reasons of diabetes than weight alone. Diabetes do also depends on gene factor. If diabetes runs in your family then you can delay it by living a healthy lifestyle.

III. Insulin cause patient to loose their eyesight

Insulin is a drug which has less side effects than any other medication given to a diabetic patient. It is mainly a life-saver drug. Also, insulin has no drug interaction with any other medication.

IV. Diabetic patients should not do exercise

Physical activities not helps in controlling weight but also it boosts the immune system. There is a myth that if a person is taking insulin and doing a physical exercise then it will result in low sugar level in the blood. Whereas, physical exercise helps in maintaining balanced sugar level. 

V. Diabetes lead to limited employment options

Employment is an every individual right. Many diabetic people are doing extremely succeeding work in their respective fields. It’s only a matter of time. Diabetes is inconvenient but is not a disability. You can find many diabetic patients are astronomers, Olympic medalists, political leaders, pilots and much more.

Though, in armed forces, there are limitation on specific roles for people who have diabetes such as front line service. Otherwise, there are many other roles welcomed for the diabetic people.

7 Ways To Get Rid Of Insomnia

Insomnia is the inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night which results in imbalance of sleep. Since, different people need different amounts of sleep, insomnia is usually determined by the quality of sleep and how you feel after sleeping – not the number of hours you are sleeping. Also, if you are spending eight hours a night in bed, you still experience drowsiness and fatigued during the day, you may be experiencing insomnia. 

Nowadays, insomnia is the most common sleep complaint. It is more important to think of insomnia as a symptom of another problem. Such as drinking too much caffeine during the day or feeling overloaded by the responsibility. The problem causing the insomnia differs from person to person.

So, here are some ways in which you can get rid of Insomnia –

I. Being Consistent In Sleep Schedule

Going to bed and waking up the same time every day, even on the weekends, can help you get good sleep. Maintaining a sleep schedule helps your body to have a consistent sleep cycle. This will help you in falling asleep quickly. Another way to optimize your sleep patterns is to get adequate sunlight in the morning. Go outside and stay for 5 to 30 minutes under sun exposure. This will help your brain in waking up and also will increase the production of melatonin.

II. Regular Exercise Boost Sleep Quality

Regular physical activity reduces the risk of insomnia and helps you get a proper sleep. Studies have shown that doing 10 minutes of aerobic activity per day is enough to improve your sleep quality. Cycling, running, and swimming are good options as well. Do practice mind-body exercises like yoga and tai chi. They are relaxing to do in the afternoon or evening. They work great for relieving stress.

III. Check Your Caffeine Intake

Many people rely on morning coffee to stay awake but caffeine consumption in the afternoon usually contribute to sleep problems. To maintain good sleep habits, avoid caffeine in the afternoon and evening. Caffeine is found in many foods, beverages and even in certain medications. Some hidden sources of caffeine include chocolate, tea, weight loss pills, soda, and energy drinks.

IV. Keep Away The Blue Light

Smartphones, computer screens, TVs  and digital clocks emit blue light – a short frequency of light – that is harmful to the eyes and disrupt sleep. Minimize screen time for several hours before bedtime to get a proper sleep time. Cover up any displays that may be visible from your bed, like a digital clock.

V. Before Bedtime, No Alcohol

Alcohol is deceptive. Initially it will make you sleepy, but it is actually disrupting you to sleep. It interferes with the sleep cycle and may cause you waking up often at night and also too early next day. It also blocks deep restorative rapid eye movement or, REM sleep by relaxing your muscles, including those in your throat, so it increases the risk of snoring. Choose a nightcap that will not dehydrate you and give you a headache the next day. Have a glass of warm milk at night to sleep well.

VI. Sleeping Environment Matters

Temperature, lighting and noise should be controlled to fall asleep. Lower the lighting level in your home for at least 2 to 3 hours before going to bed. If you like to read then read by a light using a low wattage bulb to avoid being exposed to levels of light that will make it hard to fall asleep. Your bed should make you feel comfortable and if you have a pet that sleeps in the room with you, consider the pet sleep somewhere else if it tends to make noise in the night.

VII. Do A Nighttime Routine

It is essential to avoid stress and do relaxing activities in the evening. Do not work at night. Avoid emotionally upsetting conversations, scary movies and thrilling novels. If you are feeling down then write down your feelings in a journal to help get them off your mind. Take a warm bath, listening to relaxing music, meditating, or reading a soothing book to soothe your mind.

5 Natural Ways To Treat A Heat Stroke

   Heat stroke is a medical emergency that happens when the body can no longer cool down itself. The body suffers from dehydration because it can’t release internal heat into the environment. Moreover, most people are not aware of the fact that they are in danger of heat stroke — the most severe heat-related illness — until turns to be too late. And by then, they experience confusion and restlessness as a result of nerve damage. Lowering the risk of becoming ill, the most important step is to become aware of heat stroke symptoms and the warning signs of heat-related illness. Therefore, to treat a heat stroke remember these mentioned natural ways – 

I. Keep Yourself Hydrated

The most important thing you have to keep in mind is that to avoid heat stroke is to drink more water than you usually do because you are losing fluids through sweat. Remember to drink 2 to 4 cups of water every hour when you are outside or exercising. Don’t wait until you get thirsty because till then, you already will become dehydrated and will be putting yourself at a risk of heat stroke. On the other hand, if you are not a fan of drinking water all day, there are other beverages that will help you to stay hydrated. Try to make different kinds of fruit juices that will be satisfying in taste and will also maintain the body hydration. 

II. Try To Avoid Direct Sunlight

During summer time, to avoid developing heat stroke or other heat-related illnesses, limit your time outdoors especially during the midday when the sun is at its hottest. Or, even if you are outside on a very hot day, stay in the shade or carry an umbrella or wear cap. Also, do apply sunscreen to protect yourself from sun burns. For athletes, try to schedule your workouts earlier or later in the day when the temperature is cooler.

III. Consume Hydrated Foods

In order to avoid the possibility of heat stroke, eat fruits and vegetables that are rich in hydration. They have a high water content and also carries valuable electrolytes such as magnesium, potassium, calcium and sodium. Tomatoes, Berries, Bananas, Coconut water, Grapes & Kiwi are some of the best hydrating foods. Eating plenty of these foods will help you in staying hydrated while fulfilling the required amount of electrolyte in your body. 

IV. Stop Consuming Sugary Drinks, Alcohol & Caffeine

It very important to prevent dehydration by lessen the consumption of sugary, sweetened drinks, alcohol and caffeine. All of these dehydrating beverages cause increased urination and loss of electrolyte. Also, consuming too much sugar can lead to inflammation. This makes the symptoms of heat stroke even worse. 

V. Be Aware Of Medications

Many medications can increase the risk of heat stroke because they affect how your body reacts to the heat or they create imbalance between salt and water. Medications that may alter your ability to deal with high temperatures include antibiotics, antidepressants, drugs for heart disease, blood pressure and cholesterol. If you are taking any of these kinds of medications, talk to your doctor about your increased risk of heat-related illnesses and do take special care to stay hydrated and cool on hot days.

6 Simple Yet Effective Methods For Preventing Acne

Acne, also called pimple, occur when your skin’s oil glands become overactive which leads to inflammation of pores. Some types of skin bacteria can make pimples worse. Genetic do also play a vital role. If people in your family had (or have) acne before then you are most likely to experience it as well. Although there is no sure way of preventing acne but these effective methods will reduce the level of acne and severity of breakouts –

I. Healthy Diet

Healthy diet determine overall sanity of the body. You must reduce carbohydrates, sugar and dairy products whereas include more vegetables and fruits in the diet. Also, drinking lots of water helps out the body to remain hydrated on a regular basis.

II. Living A Good Lifestyle

Maintaining a good hygiene that includes washing the face regularly to get rid of the makeup, dirt and dust is very important to keep pimples away. Cleaning the skin regularly, also before going to sleep, helps in removing the dead skin cells and also frees the skin from contaminants. Try different home remedies for reducing acne. However, do not forget to apply a toner after cleansing. Prevent popping the pimples and also the cleansers that destroy skin balance. There are many brands available in the market like Cetaphil, Neutrogena, Aroma Magic, Clean & Clear and Himalaya are specific cleansing products which helps in healing pimple-prone skin.

III. Regularly Clean Pillow Covers/ Towels

Unwashed pillow covers and towels invite bacterial growth, leading to breakouts. It is very important to wash pillowcases, bed sheets and towels on daily basis. Also, frequently wash all your makeup brushes and sponges to minimize the chances of spreading bacteria.

IV. Be Aware Of Your Skin Tone

Anyone can get pimples no matter what is their skin type. Although, oily skin is the most pimple-prone. It is caused by skin’s sebaceous glands producing too much oily sebum. Whereas, there is also an another type of skin that may cause pimples which is known as combination skin. Combination skin means you have both dry areas and oily areas. The oily areas tend to be your forehead, nose and chin, also called as T-zone. By knowing your skin type, you can select the right skin care products.

V. Regular Exercise

Nowadays, busy lifestyle is leading to higher stress level but just 30 minutes of daily exercise is an excellent idea to keep your body as well as skin healthy. Physical exercise keeps the hormone levels in balance and also releases toxins through sweat which reduces the chances of pimples. On the other hand, also keep in mind to cleanse your face properly after the completion of exercise. 

VI. Limit The Exposure Of Sun

For certain period, sun rays may dry out your pimples but it causes major problems in the long run. Constant sun exposure dehydrates the skin which produces more oil and block pores. That’s why it is important to wear sunscreen to help prevent skin cancer. However, many sunscreens available in the market are oily. For both sun and pimple protection, wear a non comedogenic i.e., an oil-free sunscreen.

6 Home Remedies For Knee Pain To Save Your Day

    Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. It can have different causes. One of them can be being overweight that puts you at greater risk for knee problems. While, overusing your knee can trigger knee problems that causes pain. It can also be caused by a sudden injury or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. If there is a severe condition then you must see a doctor. Otherwise, there are options available to treat this condition through home remedies that have proven to be effective, some are listed below –

I. Exercise and Weight Management

Regular exercise not only helps you in maintaining your weight but, also will help in reducing your knee pain. For those with arthritis, keeping the leg stationary will make the matter even worse, so it is highly recommended to pay attention towards your weight. Start from simple exercise that will reduce the pain. Ask your doctor to recommend some exercise for the knee pain. 

II. Heat and Cold Therapy

If you are an arthritis patient, use a cold pack to ease swelling and numb the pain. Keep a plastic bag of ice or frozen peas. Use it for 15 to 20 minutes three or four times a day. Keep the ice pack wrapped in a towel to be kind to your skin. After, heat things up with a warm bath, heating pad, or warm towel for 15 to 20 minutes, three or four times a day. This practice will help in lowering the severe pain experiences.

III. Use RICE therapy for strains

This therapy is very common. Remember the acronym “RICE” – Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation – is good for knee pain caused by a minor injury or an arthritis. Get your knee some rest by applying ice to reduce swelling. Also, wear a compression bandage and keep your knee elevated.

IV. Maintain your posture

One of the simple measures to avoid putting strain on the knee is to avoiding chairs that are low to the ground or couches in which the sitter sinks. While, sitting on a pillow may help with this. On the hand, putting a pillow underneath the knees can make the problem worse. That’s why, a good sitting posture is important to keep your muscles healthy. 

V. Ginger

Ginger can be purchased in pre-packaged supplement form at health food or vitamin stores. There are many health benefits that includes relief from stomach upset as well as pain relief for many conditions. According to a study of people with arthritis found that ginger helps to reduce the pain when taken along with the arthritis treatment medicine.

VI. Turmeric

Turmeric is an effective and natural treatment to relieve the knee pain. It contains a chemical called curcumin that has anti-inflammatory as well as antioxidant properties which helps in reducing the pain. You can boil one teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of milk mixed with honey and drink it once daily. Or, take 250 to 500 mg turmeric capsules three times daily.  Also, note that turmeric can thin the blood, these remedies are not suitable for those taking blood-thinning medicine.

 

6 Essential Facts On Alcohol Abuse Everyone Should Know

In today’s world, alcohol plays such a vital role in the society, causing the line between what is considered a moderate amount of alcohol to drink and what is considered abuse is hard to distinguish. Most of them have got reasons, such as parties, celebration, with them to consume alcohol which often leads them to consuming alcohol in an inappropriate way. So, when an individual is unable to control their alcohol intake, their tolerance level grows and they need to drink more each time, and when not drinking alcohol leads to withdrawal symptoms, this is defined as alcohol abuse.

Whether your choice is beer, wine or hard liquor like tequila, they all hurt you in ways that are not always visible but are dangerous. So, before you take your next drink, do consider the following factors need to be known about alcohol abuse –

I. Alcohol acts differently on men and women

In men and women, the assimilation of alcohol is different due to hormones, stomach enzymes, ratio of muscles to fat and concentration of water in the body. According to the studies, woman absorbs more alcohol which leads to less assimilation of alcohol. It results in long-term damage from alcohol. Whereas, men indulge in excessive drinking resulting in higher chances of alcohol-related deaths or engaging in dangerous behaviours.

II. Less quantity of alcohol is beneficial

Everything comes with its pros and cons. Similarly, alcohol, if consumed moderately, is proved to be beneficial for the health. Especially, wine reduces the factors of strokes and heart attacks. Intake of small quantity of alcohol helps in reducing stress.

III. Alcohol changes how the brain perform

Brain adapts the changes made in the environment surrounding you which makes you perform better. While, people who consume alcohol consistently, the brain interpret as a new environment which makes changes in the nerve cells and brain connection leading you to perform better under the alcohol circumstances.

IV. Difference between alcohol abuse and alcoholism

Alcohol abuse, as earlier mentioned in this article, is drinking in a manner that leads problems in a person’s life. Some symptoms are neglecting one’s responsibilities at work or home, continuity of alcohol consumption even when it is causing relationship problems, or experiencing legal problems such as drinking when driving.

Whereas, alcoholism involves changes in the brain creating obsession which makes you consume more alcohol than you are intended to. Alcoholism is considered by many experts a chronic or lifelong disease.

V. Genes Do Play Role

Consistent alcohol consumption results in developing an alcohol-use disorder in the family. According to the experts, “The genetic component does not appear to be due to a single gene, but rather a host of genetic interactions that impact both the risk of developing the disease as well as the response to various treatment efforts.”

VI. Alcohol withdrawal is dangerous

When you become too involved in alcohol consumption then the withdrawal or stop drinking of alcohol can lead agitation in nerve cells developing a condition called delirium tremens, DTs. If this condition becomes severe then it can result in medical emergency or hospitalisation.